Title I-A is a federal program intended to help ensure that all children have the opportunity to obtain a high-quality education and reach proficiency on challenging state academic standards and assessments. Title I-A targets resources to districts and schools where the needs are greatest. Title I-A provides flexible funding for additional instructional time for students who are most at risk for not meeting state academic standards. This funding may also be used to provide professional development, extended-time programs, and other strategies for raising student achievement in high-poverty schools. Title I-A provisions provide a mechanism for holding states, school districts, and schools accountable for closing the achievement gaps and improving the academic achievement of all students.
Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 requires all Idaho school districts to provide a comprehensive English language proficiency program for national-origin-minority students who cannot speak, read, or write English well enough to participate meaningfully in educational programs.
In addition to the law noted above, Idaho also implements the requirements under the Title III: Language Instruction for Limited English Proficient (LEP) and Immigrant Students program. The primary purpose of this program is to help ensure that children who are limited English proficient, including immigrant children and youth, attain English proficiency, develop high levels of academic achievement, and meet the same challenging state academic content and achievement standards as all children are expected to meet.
Title IX is a comprehensive federal law that prohibits discrimination on the basis of sex in any federally funded education program or activity. No person in the United States shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any education program or activity receiving federal financial assistance.
Idaho follows the Federal Civil Rights Act for Title IX compliance.
Overview of Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972
On June 23, 1972, the president signed Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972, 20 U.S.C. §1681 et seq., into law. Title IX is a comprehensive federal law that prohibits discrimination on the basis of sex in any federally funded education program or activity. The principal objective of Title IX is to avoid the use of federal money to support sex discrimination in education programs and to provide individual citizens effective protection against those practices. Title IX applies, with a few specific exceptions, to all aspects of federally funded education programs or activities. In addition to traditional educational institutions such as colleges, universities, and elementary and secondary schools, Title IX also applies to any education or training program operated by a recipient of federal financial assistance. The Department of Education has issued regulations on the requirements of Title IX, 34 C.F.R. § 106.1et seq. The Title IX common rule published on August 30, 2000 covers education program providers/recipients that are funded by other federal agencies.
The Education of Homeless Children and Youth Program ensures that students who lack a fixed, regular, and adequate nighttime residence are provided a free, appropriate public education. This includes educational services that provide for an equal opportunity to enroll in, attend, and be successful in school. Originally authorized in 1987 under Title VII-B of the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act, this program was most recently reauthorized as Title X, Part C of the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001. The Act ensures the educational rights and protections for children and youth experiencing homelessness and includes:
- The right to immediate enrollment in school even without giving a permanent address or if lacking paperwork normally required for enrollment.
- The right to attend school in the school of origin (if this is requested by the parent or unaccompanied youth and is feasible) or in the school in the attendance area where the family or youth is currently residing.
- The right to receive transportation to the school of origin, if this is requested by the parent or unaccompanied youth.
- The right to services comparable to those received by housed schoolmates, including transportation and supplemental educational services.
- The right to attend school along with children not experiencing homelessness. Segregation based on a student’s status as homeless is strictly prohibited.
- The posting of homeless students’ rights in all schools and other places around the community.
Every district has a local liaison to assist in providing services and support under McKinney-Vento. Visit the Idaho State Department of Education Title IX-A website page for liaison contact information, or contact our homeless liaison, Jeanne Johnson.